Knitted clothing is spacious, close-fitting and body-bound, unconstrained, and can fully reflect the body curve. Knitted fabric has a hard texture, moisture absorption and breathability, excellent elasticity and extensibility and manufacturability. Next, the editor will give you a detailed introduction to the classification and advantages and disadvantages of knitted fabrics.
Knitted apparel not only has unique advantages in home furnishing, leisure, and sports apparel, so the functionality of knit apparel is also irreplaceable by woven apparel. In the design and selection of knitted garments, the characteristics of knitted fabrics must be fully considered. The demand for knitted fabrics has increased rapidly in recent years.
Knitted fabric is a fabric formed by knitting needles to bend the yarn into loops and interlock with each other. The difference between knitted fabrics and woven fabrics is that the yarn forms in the fabric are different. At present, knitted fabrics are widely used in apparel fabrics, linings, home textiles and other products, and are popular among consumers.
Characteristics of knitted fabrics
The stitches of knitted fabrics are difficult to be skewed, and the stability of garments made of knitted fabrics is relatively low and stiff enough. In addition, due to organizational structure and other factors, the fabrics will also show curling, but in recent years, the comprehensive use of various fiber materials The appearance has been improved to a certain extent.
There are relatively small voids in the knitted fabric structure, relatively small deformation capacity, good elasticity, good flexibility, good moisture absorption and breathability, etc. The shape of the knitted fabric can be changed from the inside and can be made into a woven fabric. Various shapes that cannot be reached are more and more suitable for the human body with no rules. Compared with the same weight of woven fabrics, the comfort of knitted fabrics is better.
The structure is loose, it is not easy to wear, and the strength is strong. Especially when the yarn breaks or the coil is detached from the string, the thread trapping and the separation of the coil will occur. This performance is the unique detachment of the knitted fabric. Generally speaking, the difficulty of loosening knitted fabrics will affect the durability and fastness of wearing, so the fabrics have less durability.
The same yarn in the knitted fabric forms a horizontal or vertical connection. When the one side is retracted, it can be stretched in all directions, so it can be stretched in all directions. The stretchability is very small and the elasticity is good. Therefore, being flexible and wearing a fit body can not only reflect the curve of the human body, but also never hinder exercise.
The advantages and disadvantages of knitted fabrics
The advantages of knitted fabrics: it has a hard texture, moisture absorption and breathability, excellent elasticity and extensibility, and manufacturability. Knitted clothing is spacious, tight-fitting, unconstrained, and can fully reflect the body curve.
The shortcomings of knitted fabrics: it is not easy to loosen, curl, and hook, and it is not as durable as woven fabrics.
Types of knitted fabrics
Knitted fabrics can be divided into underwear fabrics and outerwear fabrics according to their uses. The characteristics of underwear fabrics are fit, body-elastic, flexible, spacious, easy to move, good flexibility, good moisture absorption and breathability, and good wrinkle resistance, but the fabric is difficult to loosen, the volume stability is poor, and it is difficult to hook and fluff. Varieties include weft plain needles, mesh fabrics, double ribs, single ribs, velvet, etc.
The outer fabric is characterized by its firmness, wear resistance, large shrinkage, easy washing, and elasticity. The main products include:
Weft knitted outer fabrics: synthetic fibers, natural plain fabrics, yarn-dyed, printed fabrics, etc., georgette fabrics, velvet and blended and interwoven fabrics. Weft-knitted chemical fiber fabric has high strength and good elasticity, but it is difficult to hook and loosen.
Warp-knitted nonagricultural fabrics: there are purified fiber and blended fiber, the slip-off property is better than the integrated table knitting, the extensibility is greater, the stability of the structure and shape is stronger than that of the weft knitting, it is firm and non-wrinkle, firm and durable, easy to wash Quick dry. Modern knitted fabrics are more colorful, and have entered the stage of development of residual functionalization and high-end development. Various texture effects and new types of knitted fabrics with different functions have been developed to bring unprecedented sensory and visual effects to knitted products.
1. Polyester yarn-dyed knitted fabric
Polyester yarn-dyed knitted fabric is made of dyed low-elastic polyester yarn as raw material. It is equipped with a different color according to the design requirements. Using jacquard weave, weave into 3-6 color patterns with more and more colors. Commonly used patterns are strips, lattices, flowers, figures, animals, landscapes, geometric patterns, etc. The fabric is bright in color, durable, with matching colors, close and heavy texture, clear texture, strong hair type, and has a similar wool fabric tweed style. It is mainly used as men's and women's tops, suits, trench coats, vests, skirts, jackets, children's clothing, etc.
2. Polyester knitted labor fabric
Polyester knitted labor fabric, also known as polyester knitted denim, uses low-elastic polyester yarn as a raw material, one of which is dyed in navy blue, and the other is used as plain white yarn, which is woven with jacquard tissue. The surface of the navy blue has all the uniform and small natural color points. This kind of fabric is close and heavy, firm and wear-resistant, and it is straight and elastic. If the raw material is made of core-spun yarn containing spandex, it can also be woven into elastic knitted denim fabric with better and better elasticity. It is important for men's and women's tops and trousers.
3. Polyester knitted wick strip fabric
Polyester knitted wick strip fabric is woven with low-elastic polyester yarn as the raw material and a double rib structure. During knitting, 1 to 2 stitches are drawn every several longitudinal stitches, so that the cloth surface presents straight stripes with unequal width and unevenness. The thickness of the stripes can be determined according to requirements. This kind of fabric has distinctive bumps, thick and slender feel, good elasticity and warmth retention. It is mainly used as fabrics for men's and women's tops, suits, windbreakers, children's clothing and so on.
4. Polyester covered cotton knitted fabric
Polyester covered cotton knitted fabric is a double rib composite polyester-cotton interwoven fabric. It uses polyester yarn to weave the front of the fabric, cotton yarn to weave the back of the fabric, and the front and back are connected through the tuck. After dyeing the fabric, it is used for shirts, jackets, sportswear fabrics. This kind of fabric is anti-wrinkle, firm and wear-resistant, moisture-absorbing and breathable on the side of the body, hard and spacious.
5. Artificial fur knitted fabric
Artificial fur knitted fabrics often use cotton yarn, viscose yarn or polypropylene yarn as the backing yarn, and use acrylic or denatured acrylic as fluff. When weaving, the fiber bundle and the ground yarn are looped together, and the ends of the fiber are exposed On the surface of the fabric, after weaving, an adhesive is applied on the reverse side of the fabric to shape the fabric to prevent hair loss, and then after a series of combing, printing, shearing and other finishing processes, artificial fur with various appearance effects is obtained. This fabric feels thick, soft and warm. Depending on the variety, it is important for coat fabrics, clothing linings, collars, hats, etc. Artificial fur is also woven using warp knitting methods.
6. Velvet knitted fabric
Velvet knitted fabric is made of cotton yarn, polyester filament, nylon filament, polyester-cotton blended yarn and other raw materials as ground yarn. Cotton yarn, polyester filament or polyester textured yarn, polyester-cotton blended yarn is used as raising yarn. The pile structure is formed by the ground yarn woven on the high-pile knitting machine, and the pile yarn forms the pile, and then passes through the loop to form the pile on the surface of the fabric, and is cut and scalded again and then finished. The pile yarn can also be knitted into the ground weave according to the pad yarn, and then formed by the cutting loop. This kind of fabric feels hard, the fabric is heavy, strong and wear-resistant, the hair is dense and towering, and the color is round. It is mainly used as outer fabric, collar or hat material. Swan knitted fabric is a kind of plush knitted fabric. The plush knitted fabric can be woven by the warp knitting method in addition to the weft knitting method, for example, a warp knitting pile shearing fabric.
7. Hong Kong knitted woolen fabric
Hong Kong-type knitted woolen fabrics are weft knitted woolen fabrics made of high-grade cashmere and polyester yarn. It has the slippery, soft and bulky feel of cashmere fabrics, and also has the characteristics of silk fabrics with rounded luster, good drape, no shrinkage, and weak breathability. It is mainly used as a fabric for spring, autumn and winter fashion.