Woven fabric is the cross-crossing of yarns (ie yarns) in both vertical and horizontal directions. In the textile industry, it is called warp and weft interweaving, which is a cloth formed by various forms of interweaving. There are many types of woven fabrics, and they are in a leading position in terms of variety and production volume in the use of clothing.
Classification of woven fabrics
The woven cloth is called: grey cloth. After subsequent processing and finishing, it is made into different finished products. According to different processing techniques, it can be divided into: bleached cloth, dyed cloth, printed cloth, and yarn-dyed cloth.
1. Bleached cloth: the finished cloth made by rinsing and setting the grey cloth.
2. Dyeing cloth: the grey cloth is dyed after pretreatment and semi-bleaching, generally divided into coil dyeing, pad dyeing and vat dyeing, and then finished fabrics made by finishing.
3. Printed cloth: the grey cloth is pre-processed and then printed. Generally, there are two types of manual printing and machine printing. Hand-printed cloth includes batik, tie-dye, tie-dye, hand-painted, manual platen printing, etc.; machine-printed printing cloth is divided into roller printing cloth, screen printing cloth, transfer printing cloth and other printing cloth.
4. Yarn-dyed fabric: a fabric woven with dyed yarn. The dyeing of yarn is generally divided into two ways: the first is dyed yarn. Before spinning, the raw materials are colored, such as dyeing cotton or spun with colored cotton. This process is mostly used in wool spinning, cotton spinning and blended yarn. The second is dyed yarn. The raw yarn is dyed after bleaching, and then weaving with colored yarn for finishing. The finished product is called yarn-dyed fabric.
In addition, woven fabrics are classified according to different raw materials: cotton cloth, polyester cloth, woolen cloth, linen cloth, various blended fabrics, etc.; according to different weaving methods, they are divided into plain weave cloth, twill cloth, satin cloth, etc.
Advantages of woven fabric
1. The structure is stable, the cloth surface is smooth, and there is generally no sag phenomenon when draped. It is suitable for various cutting methods and various printing and dyeing finishing methods.
2. The woven fabric has a wide variety of designs and colors. As a clothing fabric, it has good washing resistance and can be refurbished, dry-cleaned and various finishings.
3. Although the elasticity of woven fabric is not as good as knitted fabric, it will cause warp and weft skew when finishing improperly, which will affect the shortcomings of clothing cutting, sewing processing and wearing effect, but with most of its advantages, it is still widely used. For clothing.